Terrestrial or (less often) epiphytic herbs. Stem arising from a creeping rhizome, elongate, bamboo-like, many-noded, leafy in upper half, covered by sheathing leaf bases. Leaves several, chartaceous, plicate, articulated at the base of the lamina to a sheathing base. Inflorescences lateral, axillary, suberect, emerging from the axils through the leaf bases, suberect, racemose, peduncle bearing two or more sheathing, sterile bracts; floral bracts lanceolate, deciduous. Flowers spreading, showy, pubescent on outer surface. Sepals spreading, free, subsimilar, oblong-elliptic, lateral sepals oblique at base and recurved at apex. Petals free, spreading. Labellum trilobed, attached only basally to column, lacking a spur, lateral lobes erect with recurved apices, midlobe spreading, flabellate, bilobulate, with a markedly crispate margin; callus, if present, of two linear ridges. Column suberect, pubescent, basally extended into a foot; anther ovoid, incumbent, pollinia eight in two groups of four, clavate-pyriform, viscidium globose; stigma suborbicular; rostellum ovate, acute. Capsule oblong, rostrate. (PC).
A small genus of about three species from southeast and tropical east Asia from Sikkim and northeast India across southern China to the Philippines, Ryukyu Islands, and Taiwan and south to Sumatra. (PC).
All three species occur in shaded areas of moist, primary evergreen forests at elevations of 300 to 2000 m. (PC).
No uses are recorded for Cephalantheropsis. (AP).
There are no published reports of pollination in Cephalantheropsis. (AP).