From the Greek neos, new, and the surname of Sir Frederick Moore (1879–1922), superintendent of the National Botanic Gardens at Glasnevin, Ireland (see Taxonomic Notes). (MW).
WCM Protologue Reference:
Rolfe, Orchid Rev. 12: 30 (1904)
Epiphytic or terrestrial, caespitose, sympodial herbs. Roots often with erect, sclerified, spinose lateral branches that trap leaf litter around base of plant. Pseudobulb heteroblastic, ovoid, laterally compressed, longitudinally furrowed, surface minutely wrinkled, 2(3)-foliate, subtended by several scarious, non-foliaceous sheathing bracts that may exceed height of the pseudobulb. Leaves plicate, convolute, elliptic, basally attenuate and forming petiole; sclerified vascular bundles of abscission layer form a sharp spine on the apex of pseudobulb. Inflorescence lateral, racemose, erect, 10–20+ flowers; peduncle 1/3–1/2 length of inflorescence, bearing 3–5 widely spaced, scarious, sheathing bracts, flowers spirally arranged. Flowers showy, resupinate, fleshy, nodding to spreading, usually long-lived; floral bracts green or brownish, sheathing ca. 1/4 of the ovary. Sepals similar, reddish brown and fading to white at base, free, concave, obovate, acuminate with a thickened abaxial keel at the apex. Petals similar to sepals but slightly narrower. Labellum free, trilobed, white or yellow spotted with red-brown, attached to a reduced column foot, lateral lobes dolabriform (hatchet-shaped), curved upwards but not enfolding column, proximal margins obtuse, distal margins acute, projecting forward, inner margins with long, white trichomes; midlobe narrow, oblanceolate, with lateral margins incurved; callus with a pair of longitudinal, divergent laminae, with several tooth-like projections at base. Column white, clavate, curved, semiterete, basally widened forming an indistinct column foot; anther apical, incumbent, operculate, anther cap keeled, pollinia four, yellow, waxy, in two unequal pairs attached to a narrow, ligulate tegular stipe and an obtrullate viscidium; stigma triangular. (MW).